Tag: electricity

03
Apr

Will Thailand Give Renewable Energy a Chance?

Renewable Energy No More?

The Minister of Energy announced recently that the Thai government will no longer be purchasing electricity from renewable power projects for the next five years to come. The reason behind this is because such projects have caused retail electricity tariffs to increase by 20-25 satangs per unit, and the electricity system apparently has enough installed capacity for now.
If this policy was to be implemented, it will rewind a decade of success that Thailand has achieved on the path toward sustainable energy creation.

give renewable energy a chance

Image provided by Bangkok Post: Monks pass by a solar farm in Ayutthaya. Renewable energy, incubated over the past decade, now is ready to hatch.

Over these past 10 years, Thailand became the leader in Southeast Asia of the renewable energy sector.
As the leader, we produced more clean energy, contributing to reduced greenhouse gas emissions, creating new jobs, utilising local resources, and spurring invaluable know-how and skills for the Thai energy industry.
Renewable energy is also beneficial to the entire electricity system in the country. The Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand (Egat) has showed how solar power plants have contributed to system peak load reduction, equivalent to around 1 gigawatt of power. This one gigawatt is about the size of a nuclear power plant, or three coal-fired power plants that we have not had to build because of this renewable energy option.

The subsidy for renewables in the past has benefited all Thai people. The problem is that these benefits have not been addressed or quantified by the policymakers. Therefore the argument that renewables cause rate increases is an argument that doesn’t tell the comeplete story.

“By design, the renewable energy subsidy should eventually be cancelled once it becomes competitive with conventional electricity sources. Indeed, we are at a point now where renewable power projects in Thailand may not need a subsidy like they did before.”

“Like eggs that are ready to be hatched, Thailand’s renewable power industry has incubated over the past decade. Just about when the eggs are ready to be hatched, the government should not freeze them. A tangible and fair policy would be to open electricity generation to competition by setting up a bidding process that allows renewable power projects to demonstrate their competitiveness with fossil-fuel based power plants.” 

The original article and opinion piece was supplied by the Bangkok Post. It was written by an independent Energy Consultant based in California, USA, named Sopitsuda Tongsopit, PHD.

Let us know how you feel about this and whether or not you’d be interested in going off-grid, or simply want to have the option to generate your own renewable energy for your home. Eyekandi-Solar is here to assist you!

30
Jan

Shining a light on Thailand’s electricity woes

Opening up the power market might hold the key to more efficient, less costly delivery of power to consumers.

Original article written by Yuthana Praiwan of the Bangkok Post. There is an expected 50% increase in Thailand’s electricity price in the up coming 10 years, from 3.66 to 5.50 baht! This may sounds somewhat alarming, however Mr Siri, the Thailand’s minister of Energy has mentioned that “The way to cut energy bills is not through subsidies, but by increasing the industry’s efficiency and innovation.” He is also quoted on saying that “we struck a balance between monopoly and free market, and let the ERC work out the rules of the game to let them compete fairly.” This was with regards to the issue of ‘monopoly’ in the energy sector. However, the Energy Regulatory Commission (ERC) was set up in 2007 for a transparent system of checks and balances to monitor the players in the sector.

Shining a light on Thailand's electricity woes

Shining a light on Thailand’s electricity woes

“We struck a balance between monopoly and free market, and let the ERC work out the rules of the game to let them compete fairly,” the energy minister says. The ERC opened up an auction for licences for renewable power for small power producers under firm-power purchase agreements (a SPP Hybrid firm), last year, when the first case study of a deregulated energy sector was launched. During that process, 300 megawatts was auctioned and the ERC received applications from more than 85 firms with a combined capacity of 2,464MW. To read the original Bangkok Post article and about Thailand’s electricity woes, click this link. To get a quote for your personal solar array, to start generating your own electricity, click here.

22
Jan

Energy storage a fix for renewables

Storage is not vital, but it is useful.

If the energy transition outlook, by DNV GL is correct, then almost three quarters of the electricity demand increase by 2050 will be generated by renewable energy. But with the expected increase in the renewable generation, comes a conflicting scenario: ‘How will power grids deal with the variability and intermittency of sources such as wind and PV?’

Advanced storage technologies might be able to offer good enough solutions, said Paul Gardner, segment director – Storage at DNV GL. “Storage is useful for that but it is not essential,” he said. “And on its own it is probably not sufficient to deal with the issues of high variability of, particularly wind and PV.”

 

Asian Power: Is energy storage

Asian Power:  energy storage a fix for renewables

Where storage technologies excel is in addressing the needs based on how long power needs to be stored. Gardner said ‘flywheels’ are excellent at storing power and delivering a big amount of power in a short amount of time. ‘Flow batteries’ are more suitable for applications that require power over extended periods, while ‘thermal storage’ can address even longer timescales.

Thermal storage, in particular, is a very economical solution for situations when the end use is also heat, said Gardner, and will be attractive to power grids that want to a good reason to build expensive storage facilities. At least until costs come down in the future, as the electrical vehicle market starts to find more efficient ways to produce energy batteries.

“I was in a battery manufacturing plant and it’s really very impressive how automated the manufacturing is,” said Gardner. “About 90% of the batteries that are being manufactured now for long term energy storage are being manufactured for electric vehicles.”

“So it is actually the electric vehicle market that is driving these manufacturing improvements, and those will drive the cost reductions” in energy storage, he added.

But aside from the cost hurdles, regulations are also slowing down adoption of storage technologies and, in effect, hinder the renewables integration. Gardner pointed out that in some countries, there have been “significant” delays in the ability to implement storage because of a lack of a common definition of what storage actually is.

What is storage?

“That sounds silly but, actually, it’s important because, in some countries, they operate through systems of licensees. So there are generator licensees, and network operator licensees, and there are energy supply licensees,” he said.

“In those licensed environments, it is not clear exactly where storage fits. If it can be considered as a generator, then that has different implications than if it is considered as something that a network operator can do. And that is important for storage because the inherent technology provides benefits both to generators and to network operators,” he added.

Factoring in the current high costs and regulatory roadblocks that energy storage still has to overcome, Gardner decided that the issue of renewables integration will likely be best addressed by other solutions. The limitations of storage in this regard is put on display when one considers creating larger-scale energy systems supplied completely by wind and PV in northern latitudes where there is greater seasonality in both renewable resources and energy demand.

“ If you wanted to have a 100% renewable system to supply that, you would end up building capacity that you would only use once in a blue moon – once every ten years in a really unfortunate set of circumstances. Now, you could do it, but it is a bit silly to build something very expensive that you are only going to use one in a decade,” said Gardner.

“There are other solutions and those solutions, typically, are greater electrical interconnection across countries and between countries, and even between continents eventually,” he added, citing efforts by manufacturers to make gas turbines more flexible, and developments in the area of demand site management. “All these options are competing with storage for providing the necessary services to run grids with high penetration available in renewables.”

Click here to read the original Asian Power article and here to get a quote from Eyekandi-Solar.

03
Sep

Electricity Rates to be Adjusted – Thailand

Updates needed for Base Factor and Fuel Tariff rates

The ERC (Energy Regulatory Commission) has two categories of power calculation: The base factor, which is revised every five years, and the Fuel tariff rate, which is adjusted every four months. One of the factors which reduce power production costs include the declining development costs of renewable energy, particularly solar power.

Base factor and fuel tariff updates needed

Base factor and fuel tariff updates needed

For the development of the backup rate that was expected to be charged to Thai solar power developers, Mr Viraphol, spokesman for the ERC, said feasibility studies are being conducted to sort out that issue. He said the backup rate is unlikely to be imposed on Thai solar farm operators for at least two years.

Because of all the price changes in the Energy Sector, where costs are fluctuating and improving, there is a grave need to adjust these factors which effect the end-users pockets. Read this article to view how it is going to impact you!

 

29
Aug

People react negatively to more coal – Solar is expected to rise

The Thai government expects the country’s electricity demand to grow.

The expected demand for electricity in Thailand, by the year 2036 is 70.33 million kilowatts.

The Thai Government had wanted to build an 800,000kW coal-fired plant to generate power, in the southern Thai province of Krabi. The government wanted to also build another one, with a capacity of 2 million kilowatts, in the province of Songkla.  Both were expected to use coal imported from Indonesia.  EGAT (Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand), in July 2016, tried to obtain preliminary bids for the rights to build the Krabi plant, agreed to give the project to a Chinese-Thai business consortium.

A project to build a coal-fired power plant in Thailand's southern Krabi Province has been stalled.

A project to build a coal-fired power plant in Thailand’s southern Krabi Province has been stalled.

But Thai residents and the local surrounding community groups were concerned about damage to the environment and opposed the project. To avoid a clash, Thailand’s military junta, led by Prime Minister Prayuth Chan-ocha, ordered EGAT to administer a second environmental impact assessment of the project, ‘effectively halting construction of the plant.’

‘Concerned residents’ show us that more people are realising the detriment of coal fired plants, and the benefit of renewable energy.

A project to build a coal-fired power plant in Thailand's southern Krabi Province has been stalled.

 

Click here to read more about why Solar is expected to rise in Thailand on the Nikkei Asian Review..

26
Jun

Thailand Tripartite Electricity Agreement Imminent

The Thai government is working hard to make sure we have enough electricity going into the future. In this article you will read about a transmission system that Thailand has been able to market to its neighbours.
You will also read about how we plan to get this needed electricity.
This liberalisation of power in Europe should of course have led to competition in favour of the consumer, and less fossil fuel emissions. But, did it? So lets see what happens in the Asian region…

Energy Ministry permanent secretary Areepong Bhoocha-Oom said, “The agreement will be for the sale and purchase of electricity between Laos and Malaysia, using Thailand’s transmission system.”

The transmission system could, in the near future, present more positive opportunities for Thailand. Power from Laos and Cambodia can be provided to other nations through this transmission system.

China has recently approached the relevant Thai authorities to make an agreement about transmission services. They (China) have recently made investments into hydroelectric dams in Laos and Cambodia. China would like to have agreement from Thailand in this regard.

As an example of how this agreement will work: Laos will produce and provide power to Malaysia. Laos will then get paid for the electricity provided, while Thailand will then get compensated for its transmission services.

ASEAN hydro electricity involvement

In addition to Malaysia, Laos and Cambodia, there has also been a lot of interest by the Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand into Myanmar. By 2029 the hydro power plant at the Man Tong Dam will be generating power already.

Areepong said that although “Thailand would likely be unable to construct more hydroelectric dams of its own, it had a good chance of buying hydroelectricity from neighbouring nations.”

Liberalisation of energy 

The liberalisation of power in Europe of course led to competition, and less fossil fuel emissions.  There are however negative aspects, such as increased expenditure on advertising and the well known collusion.

These arrangements in Europe were supported with the interest of increasing the association of European energy markets. Similar initiatives, to a degree, have been followed in various countries around the world, such as the USA,  Argentina, and neighbour, Chile.

read full article → http://www.nationmultimedia.com/news/business/EconomyAndTourism/30318511 

liberalisation of power  meaning  → https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Energy_liberalisation